我们的讲座系列以陈岱孙教授冠名。陈岱孙教授生于1900年，1920年自北京清华(hua)学校毕业，1922年(nian)在美(mei)国威斯(si)康星(xing)大(da)学获得经济学本科学位后，又(you)赴哈佛大(da)学深造(zao)，于1926年获经济(ji)学博士学位(wei)。与他(ta)同时在哈佛大(da)学经济(ji)系学习的(de)同学中，有赫(he)克塞尔－俄(e)(e)林国(guo)际(ji)贸易模型的(de)冠(guan)名者之(zhi)一贝蒂(di)•俄(e)(e)林（Bertil Ohlin），还有以寡头竞(jing)争理论闻名的爱德华•张伯伦（Edward Chamberlin）。1928年，陈岱孙教授回到中国，同年出任清华大学经济系教授及系主任，直到1952年中国高等学校院系调整时经济学系并入其他高校。陈岱孙教授于1997年(nian)逝(shi)世(shi)，享年(nian)97岁。
今天，我们荣幸地请到(dao)埃(ai)里克•马斯金（Eric Maskin）教授，为陈岱孙经济学纪念讲座进行首讲。埃里克•马斯金教授与里奥尼德•赫维茨（Leonid Hurwicz）和(he)罗杰•迈尔森(sen)（Roger Myerson）共同获得(de)2007年诺贝尔经济学奖，获奖理由是他们“奠定了机制设计理论的基础”。马斯金教授1976年获哈佛大学博士学位，与陈岱孙教授获得博士学位相隔整整半个世纪。同年，他赴剑桥大学耶稣学院担任研究员。1977年至1984年间，马斯金教授在麻省理工学院任教，随后又于1985至2000年(nian)执教(jiao)于哈佛大(da)学。2000年至今(jin)，他在普林斯顿(dun)高等研究院担任(ren)阿尔伯特•赫希曼社会(hui)学教(jiao)授。同时，他也(ye)是(shi)清华经(jing)管(guan)学院的一(yi)名名誉教(jiao)授。
Opening Remarks at the Inaugural Chen Daisun Memorial Lecture in Economics
April 22, 2011
Dear faculty and students,
We are in the week of celebrating Tsinghua’s first centennial. On this occasion, the School of Economics and Management at Tsinghua University decided to launch “Chen Daisun Memorial Lecture in Economics” to mark Tsinghua centennial, as well as the 85th year of the founding of the Department of Economics at Tsinghua, and to remember Chen Daisun, the long time chairman of the department. As you may know, many economics departments in the world have such “named” lectures. This memorial lecture would be the highest honor in our school for an academic speech delivered publicly to the faculty and students. We believe that this is a good way to mark the centennial because it will have a lasting impact.
This lecture is named after Professor Chen Daisun. Professor Chen was born in 1900. He graduated from Tsinghua College in 1920. He then received his bachelor’s degree in economics from the University of Wisconsin in 1922 and went to Harvard and received his PhD in Economics in 1926. His contemporaries at Harvard’s economics department included Bertil Ohlin whose name later appeared in the Heckscher-Ohlin model of international trade, and Edward Chamberlin, who is known for his monopolistic competition theory. Dr. Chen returned to China in 1928 and became professor of economics and chair of the economics department at Tsinghua in 1928 until 1952, when the economics department was moved to other universities. He died in 1997 at age of 97.
Professor Chen is widely considered as the father of China’s modern economics education. Under his leadership, the economics department at Tsinghua was developed into one of the best in China at the time. It enrolled most students (about 20%) among all undergraduate programs at Tsinghua during his time. To honor him, Tsinghua University erected a statue of his outside this auditorium and inside this building.
Today, we are extremely honored to have Professor Eric Maskin to deliver the inaugural Chen Daisun Memorial Lecture in Economics. Eric was awarded the 2007 Nobel Prize in Economics, together with Leonid Hurwicz and Roger Myerson for “having laid down the foundations of mechanism design theory.” Eric received his PhD from Harvard University in 1976, exactly fifty years after Professor Chen Daisun received his from Harvard. After he earned his doctorate, Eric went to the University of Cambridge in 1976 where he was a research fellow at Jesus College, Cambridge. He taught at MIT from 1977–1984 and at Harvard from 1985-2000. Since 2000, he is the Albert O. Hirschman Professor of Social Science at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton. Eric Maskin is also an honorary Professor of the School of Economics and Management at Tsinghua University.
I was very lucky to have Eric as my PhD thesis advisor at Harvard in the 1980s. More than that, Eric was also PhD advisor of Professors Bai Chong-En and Li Daokui, both of them are on our faculty, as well as Professor Xu Chenggang, whos is a Special-Term Professor at our school. In retrospect, my time at Harvard as a graduate student, especially as a student of Eric, is the most memorable time period in my life. It changed my life.
More than twenty years later, today I, as the dean of the School of Economics and Management, have the honor to invite Eric to Tsinghua during the centennial celebration. Please join me in welcoming Professor Eric Maskin to deliver the inaugural Chen Daisun Memorial Lecture in Economics.